They were not killed in action

Alexander Gardner

Gardner was a Scottish photographer who later moved to the United States and became a staff photographer for the commander of the “Army of the Potomac.” This prominent war photographer had photographed the “Battle of Antietam,” “Battle of Gettysburg,” “Battle of Fredericksburg” and other important battles that changed the course of history. He is best known for his photographs of the American Civil War, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, and the execution of the conspirators to Lincoln's assassination.

Joe Rosenthal

Joe Rosenthal’s iconic photograph “Raising the Flag on Iwo” is so far considered as one of the most powerful snaps of warfare. After graduating from University of San Francisco, he joined the Associated Press (AP) and accompanied the United States Marine Corps in “Pacific Theater of Operations.” (Source: Top 10 War Photographers,

Mathew Brady

One of the most celebrated war photographers and often referred to as the father of photojournalism, Mathew Brady will be always remembered in the journalism arena for documenting the American Civil War on a grand scale. In 1862, he was admired for presenting some heart-wrenching photographs of the “Battle of Antietam” in an exhibition. It is a matter of fact that this legendary photographer went bankrupt during his last days and died penniless in the charity ward of a hospital in New York.

Helen Johns Kirtland

During World War I, Kirtland was based in France as a correspondent for Leslie's Illustrated Weekly. As an acknowledged journalist, she competed with her male counterparts, seeking out action. One of her stories covers battles near the Piave River in northern Italy with pictures of the Austrian trenches captured by the Italians.

Eddie Adams

In a 45-year career, much of it spent in the front ranks of news photographers, he worked for The Associated Press, Time and Parade, covering 13 wars and amassing about 500 photojournalism awards. But it was a 1968 photograph from Vietnam, taken for The A.P., that cemented his reputation in the public eye and among his peers. That black-and-white image captured the exact moment that Brig. Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan, then serving as the national police chief of South Vietnam, fired a bullet at the head of a Vietcong prisoner standing an arm's length away on a Saigon street.